AWS fundamentals


AWS fundamentals


What is AWS?

AWS stands for Amazon Web Services, it needs no formal introduction, given its immense popularity. The leading cloud provider in the marketplace is Amazon Web Services. It provides over 170 AWS services to the developers so they can access them from anywhere at the time of need. 

AWS has customers in over 190 countries worldwide, including 5000 ed-tech institutions and 2000 government organizations. Many companies like ESPN, Adobe, Twitter, Netflix, Facebook, BBC, etc., use AWS services. 

For example, Adobe creates and updates software without depending upon the IT teams. It uses its services by offering multi-terabyte operating environments for its clients. By deploying its services with Amazon services, Adobe integrated and operated its software in a simple manner. 

Now, before getting started with what is AWS, let us first give you a brief description of what cloud computing is.

What is Cloud Computing?

Cloud computing is the delivery of online services (such as servers, databases, software) to users. With the help of cloud computing, storing data on local machines is not required. It helps you access data from a remote server. Moreover, it is also used to store and access data from anywhere across the world. The Amazon Web Services (AWS) platform provides more than 200 fully featured services from data centers located all over the world, and is the world’s most comprehensive cloud platform.

Amazon web service is an online platform that provides scalable and cost-effective cloud computing solutions.

AWS is a broadly adopted cloud platform that offers several on-demand operations like compute power, database storage, content delivery, etc., to help corporates scale and grow.

History of AWS

  • In the year 2002 – AWS services were launched
  • In the year 2006- AWS cloud products were launched
  • In the year 2012 – AWS had its first customer event
  • In the year 2015- AWS achieved $4.6 billion
  • In the year 2016- Surpassed the $10 billion revenue target
  • In the year 2016- AWS snowball and AWS snowmobile were launched
  • In the year 2019- Released approximately 100 cloud services

Moving forward, we will learn more about AWS services.

How Does AWS Work?

AWS usually works in several different configurations depending on the user’s requirements. However, the user must be able to see the type of configuration used and the particular server map with respect to the AWS service. 

Advantages of AWS

What Services Does AWS Offer?

AWS avails its services to businesses through dozens of data centers in Availability Zones (AZs) that are spread in different regions across the world. Each area has multiple AZs, which in turn have several physical data centers. The regions and AZs are all connected by low-latency network links that create a pool of highly reliable infrastructure resources that are resistant to failures of entire data centers or individual servers.

Some of the services in the AWS portfolio by category include:

  • Storage

    Amazon Simple Storage Service (S3), Amazon S3 Glacier, Amazon Elastic Block Store (EBS), Amazon Elastic File System (EFS), AWS Snowball and Snowmobile, and AWS Storage Gateway.

  • Compute 

    Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2), Amazon Elastic Container Service (ECS), Amazon Lightsail, AWS Lambda, and AWS Elastic Beanstalk.

  • Networking

    Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (VPC), AWS Route 53, Cloudfront, API Gateway,  and AWS Direct Connect.

  • Mobile Development 

    AWS Mobile Hub, AWS Device Farm, AWS Amplify, AWS AppSync, and Amazon Pinpoint.

  • Messages and Notifications 

    Amazon Simple Queue Service, Amazon Simple Email Service, and Amazon Simple Notification Service (SNS).

  • Databases 

    Amazon DynamoDB, Amazon ElastiCache, Amazon Redshift, and Amazon Relational Database Service (RDS), which includes options for SQL Server, Oracle, PostgreSQL, MySQL, MariaDB, Amazon Aurora.

  • Migration

    AWS Migration Hub which contains several tools to help users migrate data, databases, applications, and servers.

  • Management and Governance

    AWS Config, AWS Trusted Advisor, AWS CloudFormation, AWS OpsWorks, Amazon CloudWatch, AWS CloudTrail, and AWS Personal Health Dashboard.

  • Development Tools and Application Services

    AWS Command Line Interface, Amazon API Gateway, Amazon Elastic Transcoder, AWS Step Functions, AWS CodePipeline, AWS CodeStar AWS CodeBuild, AWS CodeDeploy, Amazon Athena for S3, and Amazon QuickSight.

  • Big Data Management and Analytics

    Amazon Elastic MapReduce, Amazon Kinesis, and Amazon Elasticsearch Service

  • Artificial Intelligence 

    Amazon AI, AWS Deep Learning AMIs, Amazon Polly, Amazon Rekognition, and Alexa Voice Services.

  • Security and Governance

    AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM), AWS Directory Service, AWS Organizations, and Amazon Inspector.

  • Other Services 

    Amazon Chime service, Amazon WorkDocs, Amazon AppStream, AWS IoT service, AWS Greengrass, etc.

AWS fundamentals


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